Inland Fisheries Management in North America, 2nd edition


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C. C. Kohler and W. A. Hubert, editors

718 pages

Published by American Fisheries Society, 1999


This revised edition updates a major college text and professional reference book. Authored by 42 eminent educators and fisheries managers, it reflects the rapid changes in managing inland fisheries since the first edition, especially in applying ecosystem approaches and adopting larger spatial scales for management. The book covers fishery assessments, habitat and community manipulations, and common practices for managing stream, river, lake, and anadromous fisheries. Chapters on history; ecosystem management; management processes; communications with the public; introduced, undesirable, and endangered species; and the legal and regulatory frameworks provide the context for modern fisheries management.

The main changes that comprise this revision are:

1. Addition of new developments in fisheries management and research over the last decade with inclusion of recent literature supporting the descriptions of the new information. The areas that have developed the fastest over the decade include:

* greater application of human dimensions information to the management process, * more thorough understanding of the role of ecological processes in controlling the productivity of fisheries, * more focus on the management of fish communities and nongame species, and * expansion of management to large spatial scales.

2. Inclusion of a new chapter that focuses on the emerging concept of ecosystem management.

3. Involvement of several new authors who are the current or emerging experts in the specific subject areas that they address in the book.

Table of Contents

Contents Contributors List of Species Preface


1. History of Inland Fisheries Management in North America Larry A. Nielsen 1.1 Introduction 1.2 The Historical Basis for Fisheries Management 1.3 The Prelude to Fisheries Management 1.4 The Birth of Fisheries Management 1.5 The Scientific Management of Fisheries 1.6 Modern Fisheries Management 1.7 Conclusion 1.8 References

2. The Process of Fisheries Management Charles C. Krueger and Daniel J. Decker 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Management Environment: The Forces that Shape Management 2.3 Management Team Approach 2.4 The Fisheries Management Process 2.5 Sound Rationale for Programs: Key to Survival 2.6 Conflict Resolution 2.7 Adaptive Management: Learning from Past Actions 2.8 Ecosystem Management: A Paradigm Shift 2.9 Conclusion 2.10 References

3. Communication for Effective Fisheries Management Daniel J. Decker and Charles C. Krueger 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Fisheries Management in Transition 3.3 Fundamentals of Communication 3.4 Public Involvement in Decision Making 3.5 Studies of Stakeholders: A Special Type of Communication 3.6 Conclusion 3.7 References

4. Legal Considerations in Inland Fisheries Management Berton L. Lamb and Donna Lybecker 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Allocation of Water to Fisheries Purposes 4.3 Federal Regulation of Water Development and Quality 4.4 Environmental Protection: State and Local Regulation 4.5 Regulation of the Harvest 4.6 Conclusion: The Balancing Act 4.7 References

5. Ecosystem Management Harold L. Schramm, Jr., and Wayne A. Hubert 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Definitions of Ecosystem Management 5.3 Implementation of Ecosystem Management 5.4 Conclusions 5.5 References FISHERY ASSESSMENTS

6. Dynamics of Exploited Fish Populations Michael J. Van Den Avyle and Robert S. Hayward 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Characteristic Dynamics of Inland Fish Populations 6.3 Methods of Estimating Population Parameters 6.4 Prediction of Fishery Trends 6.5 Conclusion 6.6 References

7. Practical Use of Biological Statistics John J. Ney 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Assessing Information Needs 7.3 Biological Data 7.4 Statistics for Stock Assessment 7.5 Statistics for Community Assessment 7.6 Conclusion 7.7 References

8. Socioeconomic Benefits of Fisheries A. Stephen Weithman 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Identification of Fisheries Benefits 8.3 Measurement of Fisheries Benefits 8.4 Management Implications of Socioeconomic Data 8.5 Conclusion 8.6 References HABITAT MANIPULATIONS

9. Watershed Management and Land Use Practices Thomas A. Wesche and Daniel J. Isaak 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Watershed Characterization 9.3 Linkages Among the Watershed, Stream, and Fish Populations 9.4 Land Use Practices 9.5 Conclusion 9.6 References

10. Stream Habitat Management Donald J. Orth and Ray J. White 10.1 Introduction 10.2 Stream Habitat Factors 10.3 Stream Habitat Projects: Analysis and Management 10.4 Habitat Protection: Preventiing and Remedying Adverse Habitat Modifications 10.5 Habitat Restoration: Remedying Stream Abuses 10.6 Habitat Enhancement: Improving Instream Habitat for Fishes 10.7 Streamflow Management 10.8 Conclusion 10.9 References 11. Lake and Reservoir Habitat Management Robert C. Summerfelt 11.1 Introduction 11.2 Management of Environmental Quality 11.3 Management of Fish Populations 11.4 The Human Dimension of the Fishery 11.5 Design of Lakes for Fisheries Management 11.6 Conclusions 11.7 References

12. Maintenance of the Estuarine Environment William H. Herke and Barton D. Rogers 12.1 Introduction 12.2 Estuarine Habitat Loss and Change 12.3 The Management Process 12.4 Management Needs 12.5 Conclusion 12.6 References


13. Management of Introduced Fishes Hiram W. Li and Peter B. Moyle 13.1 Introduction 13.2 Reasons for Fish Introductions 13.3 Introductions and Ecological Theory 13.4 A Theoretical Framework for Evaluating Species Introductions 13.5 Alternatives to Introductions 13.6 Guidelines for Potential Introductions 13.7 Conclusions 13.8 References

14. Stocking for Sport Fisheries Enhancement Roy C. Heidinger 14.1 Introduction 14.2 Current Stockings in North America 14.3 Introduction and Enhancement Stocking Programs 14.4 Stocking Techniques 14.5 Economic Evaluation of Stockings 14.6 The Future 14.7 References

15. Management of Undesirable Fish Species Richard S. Wydoski and Robert W. Wiley 15.1 Introduction 15.2 The Fish Control Project 15.3 Chemical Methods for Managing Undesirable Fish Species 15.4 Biological Methods for Managing Undesirable Fish Species 15.5 Mechanical Methods for Managing Undesirable Fish Species 15.6 Conclusion 15.7 References

16. Endangered Species Management Frank J. Rahel, Robert T. Muth, and Clarence A. Carlson 16.1 Introduction 16.2 Laws and Treaties 16.3 Endangered Fishes of North America 16.4 Management of Endangered Fishes 16.5 Conclusion 16.6 References

17. Managing Fisheries with Regulations Richard L. Noble and T. Wayne Jones 17.1 Introduction 17.2 Objectives Attained through Regulations 17.3 Types of Regulations 17.4 Regulations for Specific Fisheries 17.5 Regulatory Process 17.6 The Future Role of Regulations 17.7 References


18. Coldwater Streams J. S. Griffith 18.1 Introduction 18.2 Life History and Behavioral Patterns of Salmonids 18.3 Factors Influencing Salmonid Abundance 18.4 Coldwater Stream Management 18.5 Regulation of the Fishery 18.6 The Future of Coldwater Stream Fisheries 18.7 References

19. Warmwater Streams Charles F. Rabeni and Robert B. Jacobson 19.1 Introduction 19.2 Warmwater Streams Management 19.3 Watershed-Scale Considerations 19.4 Riparian Zone Management 19.5 Channel Management 19.6 Management of Fish Populations 19.7 Conclusions 19.8 References

20. Large Rivers Robert J. Sheehan and Jerry L. Rasmussen 20.1 Introduction 20.2 Nature and Ecology of Large Rivers 20.3 Large-River Habitats 20.4 Multiple Uses of Large Rivers 20.5 Large-River Fisheries 20.6 Large-River Fisheries Management 20.7 Conclusion 20.8 References

21. Small Impoundments Stephen A. Flickinger, Frank J.Bulow, and David W. Willis 21.1 Introduction 21.2 Ecological Principles Related to Ponds 21.3 Historical Overview of Pond Management 21.4 Stocking and Harvest Strategies 21.5 Stocking Rates 21.6 Management of Stocked Ponds 21.7 Balance and Population Analysis 21.8 Management of Problem Ponds 21.9 Pond Construction 21.10 Conclusion 21.11 References

22. Natural Lakes and Large Impoundments Daniel B. Hayes, William W. Taylor, and Patricia A. Soranno 22.1 Introduction 22.2 In-Lake Habitats 22.3 Fish Species Assemblages in Lakes and Reservoirs 22.4 Regulation of Fish Production in Lakes and Reservoirs 22.5 Lake Assessment 22.6 Lake Fisheries Management 22.7 Future Directions 22.8 References

23. Great Lakes Fisheries David J. Jude and Joseph Leach 23.1 Introduction 23.2 Overview of the Great Lakes Fisheries 23.3 Shifts in Great Lakes Fish Communities 23.4 Response to Crisis: Major Fisheries Management Actions 23.5 Successes in Fisheries and Ecosystem Management 23.6 Management for Ongoing Fisheries Problems 23.7 Conclusions 23.8 References

24. Anadromous Stocks John R. Moring 24.1 Introduction 24.2 The Role of Fish Culture 24.3 Stock Management 24.4 Population Management 24.5 Interagency and Public Involvement in Management 24.6 Current Status of Fisheries and Restoration and Enhancement Programs 24.7 Conclusion 24.8 References Symbols and Abbreviations Index