Practical Hatchery Management of Warmwater Fishes

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Description

Jack R. Snow and Ronald P. Phelps

402 pp, hardcover
Published December 2020
ISBN-13:  978-1-934874-59-2
stock 550.82C
List price: $79.00
AFS member price: $55.30

doi: https://doi.org/10.47886/9781934874592

This book describes the components of a warmwater fish hatchery and the basic techniques used for commonly cultured freshwater fishes. The book’s goal is to enable selection of an appropriate combination of techniques to successfully produce fish species in a hatchery setting.

The volume is organized into three major sections. Chapters 2–12 dis­cuss basic hatchery infrastructure, techniques, and procedures avail­able for the production of a variety of fish species. These techniques can be applied to other fishes with similar biological characteristics. Chapters 13–16 provide details on hatchery production of commonly cultured warmwater foodfish and sportfishes. A final section en­titled Toolbox (Chapter 17) has 18 subsections covering specific techniques ranging from aquaculture planning to water filtration that have application at most hatcheries and to a number of species. The focus of this section is to provide references, many available online, that provide detail on specific is­sues and techniques.

This work will be a valuable reference for culturists, fisheries scientists, managers, and the interested public.

CONTENTS

Section I: Hatchery Management Techniques and Procedures

1 Introduction

2 Hatchery Facilities
2.1 Water Supply
2.2 Earthen Ponds
2.3 Troughs, Tanks, and Raceways
2.4 Service Buildings and Infrastructure

3 Production Alternatives and Brood Management
3.1 Production Alternatives
3.2 Broodstock Selection and Management
3.3 References
3.4 Recommended Reading

4 Control of the Spawning Process
4.1 Environmental Stimuli
4.2 Hormone-induced Spawning
4.3 Hormone Administration
4.4 Spawning and Egg Handling
4.5 References
4.6 Recommended Reading

5 Incubation and Post-Hatch Care
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Water Considerations for Incubation
5.3 Incubation Equipment
5.4 Egg Management
5.5 Hatching
5.6 Larval Management Planning Considerations
5.7 Recommended Reading

6 Larval Management in the Hatchery
6.1 Post-hatch Management
6.2 Harvesting and Counting Larvae
6.3 Management Alternatives
6.4 Use of Live Food Organisms for Fish Larvae
6.5 Environmental Setting for Indoor Larval Rearing
6.6 Swim Bladder Inflation
6.7 Considerations Before Outdoor Stocking
6.8 Recommended Reading

7 Extensive Pond Production: Nursery Pond Preparation
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Pond Preparation
7.3 Fertilizers
7.4 Factors Affecting Fertilization Success
7.5 Recommended Reading

8 Extensive Pond Production: Pest Control
8.1 Weed Control
8.2 Animal Pest and Predator Control
8.3 Lower Vertebrates as Pests and Predators
8.4 Chemical Control of Invertebrates and Lower Invertebrates
8.5 Higher Vertebrates as Pests and Predators
8.6 Recommended Reading

9 Extensive Production: Pond Management
9.1 Primary Nursing Pond Stocking
9.2 Primary Pond Management
9.3 Secondary Nursery Pond Management
9.4 Production of Large Fingerlings
9.5 Recommended Reading

10 Feeds and Feeding
10.1 Formulated Feeds in the Hatchery
10.2 Feed Use in Pond Setting
10.3 Determination of How Much to Feed
10.4 How to Feed in a Pond Setting
10.5 Recommended Reading

11 Harvesting and Handling
11.1 Harvesting Techniques
11.2 Harvesting Considerations
11.3 Holding and Cleaning the Harvest
11.4 Grading
11.5 Sampling, Disease Control, and Hardening
11.6 Recommended Reading

12 Distribution
12.1 Modes of Transportation
12.2 Aeration
12.3 Open Container Systems
12.4 Closed Container Distribution
12.5 Factors Affecting Transportation
12.6 Distribution Problems
12.7 Recommended Reading

Section II: Specific Hatchery Techniques by Species

13 Catfishes
13.1 Channel Catfish and Its Hybrids
13.2 Clarias Catfish
13.3 Pangasius Catfish

14 Carps-Cyprinidae
14.1 Common Carp Cyprinus carpio
14.2 Chinese Carps
14.3 Bait Minnows

15 Tilapias
15.1 Introduction
15.2 Brood Management
15.3 Seed Production Alternatives
15.4 Fry Production Procedures for Use in Sex Reversal
15.5 Sex Reversal Procedures
15.6 Production of Sex-reversed Fingerlings to Stocker Size
15.7 Within Species Selective Breeding
15.8 Harvest and Distribution
15.9 References
15.10 Recommended Reading

16 Sportfish Species
16.1 Largemouth Bass Micropterus salmoides, Lacepede
16.2 Sunfish Lepomis sp. and Their Hybrids
16.3 Striped Bass Morone saxatilis (Walbaum) and White Bass Morone chrysops

Section III: Toolbox with More Details and Other Hatchery Topics

17 Toolbox with Recommended References
17.1 Aquaculture/Fisheries Management Planning
17.2 Aquatic Weed Control
17.3 Chemical Use and Dose Calculations
17.4 Control of Egg Adhesiveness
17.5 Counting Techniques
17.6 Disease Management
17.7 Effluent Management
17.8 Facilities and Equipment
17.9 Feeds and Fertilizers
17.10 Fish Transport
17.11 Genetics
17.12 Grading
17.13 Induced Spawning
17.14 Live Food Production
17.15 Nursery Pond Preparation
17.16 Predator Control
17.17 Water Filtration
17.18 Water Quality