Authors: Hillary G. M. Ward, Micheal S. Allen, Edward V. Camp, Nick Cole, Len M. Hunt, Bryan Matthias, John R. Post, Kyle Wilson, and Robert Arlinghaus
Recreational fisheries are empirically tractable examples of social–ecological systems (SESs) that are characterized by complex interactions and feedbacks ranging from local to regional scales. The feedbacks among the three key compartments of the recreational fisheries SES—individual fish and populations, regionally mobile anglers, and regional and state level fisheries managers—are strongly driven by behavior, but they are poorly understood. We review and identify factors, antecedents to behaviors, and behaviors most important to the outcomes of the coupled SES of recreational fisheries, which emerge from a range of social–ecological interactions. Using this information, we identify data gaps, suggest how to reduce uncertainty, and improve management advice for recreational fisheries focusing on open-access situations in inland fisheries. We argue that the seemingly micro-scale and local feedbacks between individual fish, fish populations, anglers, and managers lead to the emergence of important macro-scale patterns—some of which may be undesirable, such as regional overfishing. Hence, understanding the scale at which the behavior-mediated mechanisms and processes identified in this article operate is critical for managing for the sustainability of spatially structured recreational fisheries. We conclude our study by providing relevant research stimuli for the future.
Members click below for the September 2016 Fisheries magazine’s complete issue. Non-members, join here.
Online directory is a best way to find a health care occupational in your area who treats such dysfunction. In fact, we often find men get medications online. So it’s substantial to learn about http://rootinfonline.com/cialis-for-daily-use.html. No doubts, there are numerous things you have to consider about the matter. One of the best treatment for failure to get or keep an erection is Cialis. When you buy medications like Cialis you have to know about cialis for daily use. Also, think about buy generic levitra online. Experts feel that treating this health state without consulting a sex therapist is unsafe. Mercifully, most cases of sexual dysfunction are treatable, so it is important to share your concerns with your partner and druggist. More information available at cialis daily.