Symposium Abstract: The Theoretical and Methodological Basis of Estimations of the Human-Made Influences (Fishing and Constructing) on the Benthic Habitats
V. A. Emelyanov
In the last few decades, human-made influences have considerably increased on the upper part of lithosphere within the World Ocean’s bounds as the benthic habitat. Some scientific directions have attempted to solve numerous benthic habitat problems related to increasing fishing and construction activities. But it is impossible to do this effectively within the limits of traditional scientific directions, resulting in the need to incorporate more ecological sciences with these traditional scientific approaches to investigations and estimations of the growing problems and the search for solutions. In particular, more and more explorations have concentrated their attention on the many-sided investigations of the compound characteristics of benthic habitats as a marine geo-ecological system. But many terminological, conceptual, methodological and other general questions have arisen from these studies. Without answers to these questions, it is difficult to solve many specific problems related to human-made influences on benthic habitats, as well as the creation and steady development of marine and coastal areas. In this paper, some new terms are presented, with their treatments, basic conceptions and approaches, that are more applied in the modern benthic habitat’s investigations and become an important component of the theory and methodology of a new scientific directionÑmarine geo-ecology, of studying and solving many benthic habitat problems related to fishing and construction activities.