Biology, Management, and Culture of Walleye and Sauger

Chapter 2: A Phylogenetic Analysis of Percidae Using Osteology

John C. Bruner


Collette and Bănărescu (1977, Figure 1, page 1451) presented their proposed relationships of the subfamilies, tribes, and genera of the family Percidae (Actinopterygii: Perciformes). In that study, Percidae was divided into two subfamilies: Percinae (genera: Perca, Gymnocephalus, Percarina, Percina, Ammocrypta, and Etheostoma), and Luciopercinae (genera: Stizostedion [now Sander], Zingel, and Romanichthys). Readers of Collette and Bănărescu (1977) might naturally assume the relationships within Percidae are stable and that there would be no changes in the names of the genera or the relationships of the subfamiles. However, new techniques in phylogenetic analysis brought new interpretations of relationships. Page (1985) published a percid phylogeny based on reproductive behavior. He divided the Percidae into two subfamilies, Percinae and Etheostomatinae. Page (1985) placed Percarina, Perca, and Gymnocephalus in Percinae, and divided Etheostomatinae into three tribes: Luciopercini (Stizostedion), Etheostomatini (Percina, Ammocrypta, and Etheostoma), and Romanichthyini (Zingel, Romanichthys).