Innovations in Fish Passage Technology


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Product Description

M. Odeh, editor

224 pages

Published by American Fisheries Society

Publication date: September 1999


Fish passage is a worldwide issue that concerns ecologists, engineers, hydropower developers, conservationists, and all those who care about ecosystem sustainability. Over the past decade, there have been numerous efforts to get experts, researchers, and managers to meet and discuss their various experiences and share their laboratory research, field work, and findings. As a result, and to benefit the entire fish passage community, engineers and biologists, a peer-reviewed publication has been made available.

This book discusses state-of-the-art-technology currently being used to assist migratory fishes in their innate effort to migrate and to help them mitigate natural and man-made obstructions that they find on the way to their feeding and habitat areas in the oceans and their spawning grounds in rivers. It contains studies conducted to understand the viability, through fish behavior, of innovative engineering designs constructed to give fish an alternative route to passage through hydropower turbines on their way back to the ocean. It also contains a study on the passage of nonsalmonid fishes, which has recently become an important and challenging task to accomplish in the United States and abroad. Understanding the relationship between hydraulic phenomena and how they injure fish has become essential to designing “fish friendly” engineering structures. The final chapter explores how cavitation (a pressure-related fluid flow phenomenon that occurs in turbines and at dam spillways) can injure fish.

The book includes:

* a review of the present status of fish passage technology * how to evaluate existing upstream and downstream fish passage systems * advances in fish passage technology * new and innovative designs * biological evaluation studies * new fish behavior evaluation techniques * exploration of fish damage mechanisms in hydraulic systems

This book in intended for:

* resource managers * hydraulic engineers * biologists * hydropower developers * researchers * students * environmentalists

Table of Contents

1. Fish Passage Innovation for Ecosystem and Fishery Restoration

Mufeed Odeh

2. The Development and Evaluation of Downstream Bypasses for Juvenile Salmonids at Small Hydroelectric Plants in France

Michel Larinier and François Travade

3. Effectiveness of Two Surface Bypass Facilities on the Connecticut River to Pass Emigrating Atlantic Salmon Salmo salar Smolts

Brian N. Hanson

4. Fish Diversion Effectiveness of a Modular Inclined Screen System

Stephen V. Amaral, Edward P. Taft, Frederick C. Winchell, Anthony Plizga, Edward Paolini, and Charles W. Sullivan

5. Development of Surface Bypass and Collection at Rocky Reach Dam, Columbia River

Charles M. Peven and Thaddeus R. Mosey

6. Hydroacoustic Evaluation of Fish Passage through a Prototype Surface Bypass Collector at Rocky Reach Dam

Tracey W. Steig and Rowland Adeniyi

7. Migrational Characteristics of Radio-Tagged Juvenile Salmonids during Operation of a Surface Collection and Bypass System

Noah S. Adams, Dennis W. Rondorf, Scott D. Evans, Joe E. Kelly, Russell W. Perry, John M. Plumb, and Daniel R. Kenney

8. Survival of Chinook Salmon Smolts Oncorhynchus tshawytscha through the Surface Bypass Collector at Lower Granite Dam, Snake River

Dilip Mathur, Paul G. Heisey, John R. Skalski, and Daniel R. Kenney

9. Summary of the Evaluation of Fish Passage through Three Surface Spill Gate Designs at Rock Island Dam in 1996

Tom K. Iverson, Julie E. Keister, and Robert D. McDonald

10. A Scanning Split-beam Hydroacoustic Technique for Determining the Zone of Entrainment of Juvenile Salmonids Passing Hydropower Dams

Tom K. Iverson

11. Fish Behavior Measured by a Tracking Radar-Type Acoustic Transducer Near Hydroelectric Dams

John Hedgepeth, David Fuhriman, and William Acker

12. Developing Fishways for Nonsalmonid Fishes: a Case Study from the Murray River in Australia

Martin Mallen-Cooper

13. Can Cavitation Injure Fish?

Andrew W. H. Turnpenny and Julie K. Everard