Enclosing the Fisheries: People, Places, and Power
Marie E. Lowe and Courtney Carothers, editors
223 pages, index, Symposium 68
Published by the American Fisheries Society
Publication date: December 2008
This timely book examines effects of restricted access management in fisheries on people and their communities.
Economic logic that guides the limitation and privatization of access rights seeks to address overcapitalization and inefficiencies that result from open access fisheries. This type of fisheries management, often called rationalization, has gained international common sense appeal. Yet the contested social impacts of restricted access, market-based resource management programs are increasingly documented in academic literature and continue to be a focus of social resistance and mobilization among those who have been displaced, or rationalized out of fishing in this process. The outcomes of ownership consolidation, loss of jobs and income, decreased labor mobility, prohibitive entry costs, loss of fishing rights from small communities and other distributional inequities can be understood broadly as the sociocultural effects of fisheries access restrictions this volume addresses.
Drawing on rich ethnographic research in coastal communities in Alaska, British Columbia, Iceland, and New Zealand, this diverse collection of papers demonstrates the wide reach of privatization discourses and policies as experienced by people and communities dependent on fishing for livelihood and identity.
Introduction (Bonnie J. McCay)
Eastern Aleut Society under Three Decades of Limited Entry (Katherine Reedy-Maschner)
Attitudes, Perceptions, and Adaptations of New Zealand Commercial Fishermen during 20 Years of Individual Transferable Quotas (Christopher M. Dewees)
Rationalized Out: Discourses and Realities of Fisheries Privatization in Kodiak, Alaska (Courtney Carothers)
Paper Fish: The Transformation of the Salmon Fisheries of British Columbia (Caroline F. Butler)
Not Sure about the Shore! Transformation Effects of Individual Transferable Quotas on Iceland’s Fishing Economy and Communities (Anna Karlsdóttir)
Crab Rationalization and Potential Community Impacts of Vertical Integration in Alaska’s Fisheries (Marie E. Lowe)
The Community Quota Program in the Gulf of Alaska: A Vehicle for Alaska Native Village Sustainability? (Steve J. Langdon)
Privatizing Northwest Salmon: Examining the Global Context of Indigenous Claims in British Columbia (Crisca Bierwert)